Washington Hunting Guide
Washington is home to many different types of habitats. The state also offers excellent public access. Altogether, Washington has significant hunting opportunities for nonresidents and residents alike.
What to Hunt
The state’s diverse range of landscape supports many different popular game species.
Blacktail hunting is often best near the end of the general season, when west-side vegetated habitats become ideal for stalking. Whitetail deer are more commonly found in the eastern third of the state in stream drainages and areas with riparian vegetation and thick cover. Mule deer can be found across the state, except for the western third, often in remote locations with high elevation. Nonresident license fees can be very high, but the state’s high deer density offers hunters a high rate of success.
Washington is home to two distinct subspecies of huntable elk: Rocky Mountain elk and Roosevelt elk. Rocky mountain elk are found primarily in the Cascade Crest, while Roosevelt elk are in the Cascade Range. Hunters must choose a modern firearm, archery, or muzzleloader tag, which will determine their season dates.
Washington is home to three different subspecies of turkey: Merriam's, Rio Grandes, and Easterns. These can be found across Washington’s large amount of public access land. Washington has a three-bird limit in the spring season. .
Hunters are permitted to take black bear in Washington, but there are also grizzly bear, which are a protected species that may not be shot or killed. Hunters should carefully learn the difference between black and grizzly bear, as color is not enough of an indication. Washington has a bag limit of two black bear during the license year. A big game hunting license is required to hunt black bear. Bait and hounds are not permitted in Washington.
Washington offers a wide range of waterfowl opportunities. Available species include mallards, Canada geese, snow geese, sea ducks, and brant. Much of the state’s waterfowl hunting is on publicly accessible lands. Washington is a major part of the Pacific Flyway, making it rank second among western states for waterfowl abundance and harvests.
Other Washington game species include: Cougar, Forest Grouse, Pheasant, California (Valley) Quail and Northern Bobwhite, Mountain Quail, Patridge, Crow, Bobcat, Fox, Coyote, Coot, Snipe, Band-tailed Pigeon, Mourning Dove, Canada Goose and Brant.
Where to Hunt
Washington offers a large amount of hunter-friendly public and private lands. These areas can be found across the entire state.
Although much of Washington is privately-owned, the state has partnered with private landowners to provide access to huntable properties. The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife works with landowners to support both wildlife populations and outdoor recreation opportunities.
The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife maintains 1 million acres of publicly accessible land across 33 separate wildlife areas. Most of Washington’s most popular game species can be found in WDFW wildlife areas.
Game Management Units
The state maintains dozens of Game Management Units (GMUs) throughout six individual regions. Each of these GMUs are designed for the maintenance of certain game species. Hunting is permitted in these areas.
Washington offers hunting licenses for specific species and/or groups of species. The state does not offer any type of ‘general hunting’ license. Below are some of Washington’s most popular hunting licenses.
|Deer + Elk + Bear + Cougar License||$95.50||$860.00|
|Deer + Elk License||$84.50||$739.00|
|3-Day Small Game||N/A||$68.00|
|Migratory Bird Permit||$17.00||$17.00|
Hunter education is required for hunters born after January 1, 1972. Proof of the successful completion of a hunter education course is required to obtain a hunting license. There is no minimum age to enroll in such a course. The course is offered both in-person and online.
Washington also offers a trapping education course for prospective trappers. This is required to obtain a trapping license.
Washington offers several youth-only hunts throughout the year. These hunts are available for turkey, upland game, and some waterfowl species. Youths under 16 may take part in these hunts, but must be accompanied by adult, licensed hunters over the age of 18.
To obtain a trapping license, it is required to first pass an exam regarding the humane and effective use of traps. A fur dealer’s license is also required to sell any pelts.
The following animals are considered furbearers by the state of Washington: badger, beaver, bobcat, marten, mink, muskrat, raccoon, red fox, river otter and weasel. These animals may only be trapped by those with a trapping license.
Animals must be removed from restraining traps within 24 hours of capture. Kill traps must be checked and animals removed over 72 hours.
Washington Hunting Seasons
|Game||Season Begins||Season Ends|
|High Buck*||Sep 15 2022||Sep 25 2022|
|Black-tailed Deer*||Oct 15 2022||Oct 31 2022|
|White-tailed Deer*||Oct 15 2022||Oct 28 2022|
|Mule Deer*||Oct 15 2022||Oct 25 2022|
|Elk*||Aug 1 2022||Jan 20 2023|
|Bear*||Aug 1 2022||Nov 15 2022|
|Cougar*||Sep 1 2022||Dec 31 2022|
|Jan 1 2023||Apr 30 2023|
|Forest Grouse||Sep 15 2022||Jan 15 2023|
|Pheasant*||Sep 17 2022||Dec 15 2022|
|California (Valley) Quail and Northern Bobwhite*||Sep 24 2022||Jan 16 2023|
|Quail (Mountain)*||Sep 24 2022||Nov 30 2023|
|Partridge (Chukar & Gray)||Sep 17 2022||Jan 31 2023|
|Crow||Sep 1 2022||Dec 31 2022|
|Wild Turkey||Apr 1 2022||May 31 2022|
|Sep 1 2022||Dec 31 2022|
|Bobcat||Sep 1 2022||Mar 15 2023|
|Fox*||Sep 1 2022||Mar 15 2023|
|Raccoon||Sep 1 2022||Mar 15 2023|
|Cottontail Rabbit and Snowshoe Hare||Sep 1 2022||Mar 15 2023|
|Coyote||no closed season||no closed season|
|Duck*||Sep 24 2022||Feb 4 2023|
|Coot*||Sep 24 2022||Feb 5 2023|
|Snipe||Sep 24 2022||Feb 4 2023|
|Band-tailed Pigeon||Sep 15 2022||Feb 4 2023|
|Mourning Dove||Sep 1 2022||Oct 30 2022|
|Canada Goose*||Oct 15 2022||Jan 29 2023|
|Brant*||Jan 7 2023||Feb 4 2023|
*Hunting dates for this species may vary by zone, method of take, or subspecies of animal. Visit the state’s website here to find out more.
Disclaimer: The information provided here is not to be construed as legal advice or acted upon as if it is legal advice: it is provided for informational purposes only. While we strive to provide accurate, up-to-date content, we cannot guarantee the accuracy, completeness, or currency of the information.