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Oklahoma Hunting Guide

Oklahoma offers significant hunting opportunities throughout the state. With large amounts of green space, permissive firearms laws, and excellent wildlife management, Oklahoma has become a popular state for hunters and outdoors enthusiasts.

What to Hunt

The varied habitats in Oklahoma support several popular species for hunters to enjoy.



Oklahoma has large amounts of land that support healthy, stable deer populations. Most of these are whitetail deer, with trophy bucks being readily available in many wildlife areas across the state..



Oklahoma is home to a notably diverse population of turkeys, with a ready supply Rio Grandes, Easterns, Hybrids and Merriam's. Rio Grande turkeys are most populous in the majority of the state, with Merriam’s being more populous in Charron county, and Eastern turkeys occupying more of the eastern border and southeastern portion of the state. There is a bag limit of one turkey of either sex for the fall season, and the spring season allows hunters to take three bearded turkeys.



Elk tags are selected through a raffle. The densest elk populations can be found in the Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge, as well as at Pushmataha, Cookson Hills, Spavinaw and Cherokee wildlife management areas. There is a combined season bag limit of two elk of either sex. Before hunting in a certain zone, visit the Oklahoma Wildlife Department’s website to check whether that zone’s quota has been met. Meeting the quota will end elk season in a particular zone.



After years of diminishing population levels, black bears have been successfully reintroduced into Oklahoma. Most of these bears can be found in the easternmost areas of the state.



Pronghorn can be found throughout the grass prairies in Oklahoma’s panhandle. The species is known to travel great distances in search of food, so populations and distribution can vary from year to year.

Other Oklahoma game species include: Antelope, Duck, Squirrel, Rabbit, Dove, Crow, Woodcock, Rail, Wilson’s Snipe, Gallinule, Mergansers, Coots, Teal, Goose, Sandhill Cranes, Quail, Pheasant, etc. found in the "Hunting Seasons" section at bottom of the page.

Where to Hunt

With large amounts of public land, Oklahoma offers a variety of hunting areas to resident and nonresident hunters alike.

Wildlife Management Areas

The Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation (ODWC) maintains many wildlife management areas around the state. These areas are found throughout the state, with particular density in the east. A full map is available on the ODWC website.

Oklahoma Land Access Program

The Oklahoma Land Access Program (OLAP) provides compensation to landowners who allow public access on private lands. These areas are typically open to a variety of recreational activities, including hunting, fishing, and wildlife viewing. Much of the land made available through the OLAP can be found in the Oklahoma panhandle.

US Army Corps of Engineer Lands

The Army Corps of Engineer Lands maintains some areas of land throughout Oklahoma. These areas are often near bodies of water. Almost all of these lands allow for public hunting.

Licensing Fees

A hunting license is required to pursue any animals except feral swine. Note that the swine exception applies only to private land, and a license is required on public land. License fees vary based on the species targeted and method of take.

License Resident Nonresident
​Annual Hunting ​$32.00 ​$176.00
​5-Year Hunting ​$88.00 ​N/A
​Lifetime Combination Hunting/Fishing ​$775.00 ​N/A
​Youth Hunting ​$7.00 ​N/A
​Deer (gun) ​$20.00 ​$300.00
​Deer (muzzleloader) ​$20.00 ​$300.00
​Deer (archery) ​$20.00 ​$300.00
​Turkey ​$10.00 ​N/A
​Elk ​$51.00 ​$306.00
​Trapping ​$10.00 ​$345.00
​Fur License ​$10.00 ​$51.00

Hunter Education

Anyone 31 years of age or older is not required to complete a hunter’s education course prior to obtaining a hunting license.

Youth hunters must be 10 years old to take a hunter’s education test and receive a certificate of completion. However, there is no minimum age to attend the class. The class is available online, 4-hour home study, or via an 8-hour traditional course.

Youth Hunting

Oklahoma designates several periods throughout the year as youth hunts. To participate in these, youth hunters must have the proper licenses and be supervised by adult hunters at all times. Season-specific licenses and permits apply during youth hunts.


Furbearing mammals in Oklahoma include raccoon, mink, badger, muskrat, opossum, weasel, bobcat, beaver, skunks, and foxes. A trapping license is required to take these animals. Further licenses are required for bobcats, gray foxes, and raccoons.

Hunting Seasons

Game Season
Deer* Oct 1 2022 - Jan 15 2023
Elk* Oct 1 2022 - Jan 15 2023
Bear* Oct 1 2022 - Oct 30 2022
Antelope Oct 1 2022 - Oct 14 2022
Ducks* Oct 8 2022 - Jan 29 2023
Turkey* Oct 1 2022 - Jan 15 2023
Apr 16 2023 - May 16 2023
Squirrel May 15 2022 - Jan 31 2023
Rabbit Oct 1 2022 - Mar 15 2023
Dove Sep 1 2022 - Dec 29 2023
Crow Oct 10 2022 - Mar 4 2023
Woodcock Oct 30 2022 - Nov 13 2022
Rail Sep 1 2022 - Nov 9 2022
Wilson’s Snipe Oct 1 2022 - Jan 15 2023
Gallinule* Sep 1 2022 - Nov 9 2022
Mergansers* Oct 8 2022 - Jan 29 2023
Coots* Oct 8 2022 - Jan 29 2023
September Teal Sep 10 2022 - Sep 25 2022
Special Resident Canada Goose Sep 10 2022 - Sep 19 2022
White Fronted Geese Nov 5 2022 - Nov 27 2022
Dec 3 2022 - Feb 5 2023
Dark Geese Nov 5 2022 - Nov 27 2022
Dec 3 2022 - Feb 12 2023
Light Geese* Nov 5 2022 - Nov 27 2022
Dec 3 2022 - Feb 12 2023
Sandhill Cranes Oct 22 2022 - Jan 22 2023
Quail Nov 12 2022 - Feb 15 2023
Pheasant Dec 1 2022 - Jan 31 2023

*Hunting dates for this species may vary by zone, method of take, or subspecies of animal. Visit the state’s website here to find out more.

Disclaimer: The information provided here is not to be construed as legal advice or acted upon as if it is legal advice: it is provided for informational purposes only. While we strive to provide accurate, up-to-date content, we cannot guarantee the accuracy, completeness, or currency of the information.