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Missouri Gun Laws

Missouri has extremely permissive gun laws. There are very few restrictions on hardware or ammunition, and residents may carry openly or concealed without any kind of license. The state constitution thoroughly protects the right to bear arms. Further, state courts are required to review new gun laws under the toughest form of judicial scrutiny. Because of this, Missouri has earned a reputation for thoroughly protecting its citizens’ 2nd Amendment rights.

Missouri Gun Laws at a Glance

Concealed Carry Premit Required No
Open Carry Premitted Yes
Waiting period before purchasing No
Lost and Stolen Firearm Reporting No
Firearms License Required for Purchasing No
Universal Background Check No
Firearm Registration No
Large Capacity Magazine Ban No

Although Missouri law does not require the formal reporting of lost firearms, the law does state:

“The Missouri State Patrol shall inform each permitholder, upon the issuance or renewal of a permit to carry a concealed handgun, that if a handgun, or other firearm, owned by such permitholder is lost or stolen, the permitholder should notify his or her county sheriff or local police department of that fact.”

Firearm License Requirements

No license is required to obtain a firearm in Missouri.

Background Checks

Private firearms transfers are not subject to background checks in Missouri. In accordance with federal law, licensed dealers must initiate background checks on buyers before the sale of a firearm. These background checks are completed by directly contacting the FBI.

Gun Shows

Missouri does not regulate gun shows.

Hardware and Ammunition Restrictions

Hardware Restrictions
Assault Weapons No restrictions
50 Caliber Rifles No restrictions
Machine Guns Prohibited
Large Capacity Magazines No restrictions
Ammunition Exploding ammunition is prohibited. It is also prohibited to give ammunition to anyone who is intoxicated or under the age of 18.

Prohibited Persons

Missouri law prohibits the possession of any firearm by:

  • Any person convicted of a felony under Missouri law or a crime under any other state’s laws or federal law which would be a felony if committed in Missouri
  • A fugitive from justice
  • A person habitually in an intoxicated or drugged condition
  • A person currently adjudged mentally incompetent

Prohibited Places

Location Restrictions Exceptions
Schools Guns are prohibited at any school, onto any school bus, or onto the premises of any function or activity sponsored or sanctioned by school officials. Transporting a firearm unloaded and in a nonfiring state. Any person with a valid concealed carry permit. School protection officers. Persons engaged in lawful acts of defense. Students engaging in school curriculum or events relating to firearms.
Vehicles Concealed firearms may be carried in vehicles under certain circumstances. To be lawfully carried in a vehicle, a concealed firearm must meet one of the following criteria: Not readily accessible In a nonfiring state Unloaded with the ammunition not readily accessible

Concealed Carry Laws

Notify Officer Not required
“No Gun” Signs Enforced
In-Vehicle Carry Permitted
Restaurant Carry Permitted
State Park Carry Permitted
While Hunting Permitted

Obtaining a Concealed Carry License

Individuals may carry loaded firearms on their person without any kind of permit. Despite this, the state still issues concealed carry permits.

Missouri is a ‘shall issue’ state, meaning that any person will be granted a concealed carry license if they satisfy certain requirements.

Requirements for a Concealed Carry License
A concealed carry permit must be issued if the applicant:
  • Is at least age 19, or at least 18 and a member of the United States Armed Forces
  • Is a citizen or permanent resident of the United States;
  • Is a resident of Missouri or a member of the armed forces stationed in Missouri, or the spouse of such military member
  • Has not pled guilty of a crime punishable by imprisonment for a term exceeding one year under the laws of any state or of the United States, other than a crime classified as a misdemeanor punishable by a term of imprisonment of two years or less that does not involve an explosive weapon, firearm, firearm silencer or gas gun
  • Has not been convicted of one or more misdemeanor offenses involving crimes of violence during the immediately preceding five-year period
  • Has not been convicted of two or more misdemeanor offenses involving driving while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or drugs or the possession or abuse of a controlled substance during the immediately preceding five-year period
  • Is not a fugitive from justice or currently charged in an information or indictment with the commission of a crime punishable by imprisonment for a term exceeding one year under the laws of any state of the United States (other than a crime classified as a misdemeanor punishable by a term of imprisonment of two years or less that does not involve an explosive weapon, firearm, firearm silencer, or gas gun)
  • Has not been discharged under dishonorable conditions from the U.S. Armed Forces
  • Has not engaged in a documented pattern of behavior that causes the sheriff to have a reasonable belief that the applicant presents a danger to himself, herself, or others
  • Is not mentally incompetent at the time of application or for five years prior to application
  • Has not been committed to a mental health facility or a similar institution located in another state following a hearing at which the applicant was represented by counsel or a representative
  • Is not the current respondent of a valid “full order of protection”

Concealed Carry Firearms Training

Applicants for any concealed carry permit are required to demonstrate firearms safety knowledge. Applicants may complete a “regular or online course on firearm safety conducted by an instructor certified by the National Rifle Association that is at least one hour in length” to satisfy the state’s requirements.

  • However, applicants who complete this one-hour course must also complete a separate course that includes instruction on:
  • Handgun safety techniques
  • Missouri’s requirements for obtaining a concealed carry permit from the sheriff of the individual’s county of residence
  • Missouri’s laws relating to firearms
  • Missouri’s laws relating to the use of force
  • A live firing exercise of sufficient duration for each applicant to fire:
    • Either a revolver or a semiautomatic pistol, from a standing position or its equivalent
    • A minimum of 20 rounds from the handgun at a distance of seven yards from a B-27 silhouette target or an equivalent target
    • A live-fire test administered to the applicant while the instructor is present of 20 rounds from a standing position or its equivalent at a distance from a B-27 silhouette target (or an equivalent target, of seven yards)

Concealed Carry Location Restrictions

Even with a valid concealed carry license, you may not carry concealed firearms at the following locations:

  • Any higher-education institution or elementary- or secondary-school facility (unless you have permission from the school’s governing body
  • Any portion of a building used as a child-care facility
  • Law enforcement agencies
  • Within 25 feet of a polling place on any election day
  • Any detention or correctional institution, prison, or jail (adult or juvenile)
  • Any courthouse solely occupied by the circuit, appellate or supreme court, or any courtrooms, administrative offices, libraries or other rooms of any such court
  • Any meeting of the governing body of a unit of local government
  • Any meeting of the General Assembly or a committee of the General Assembly
  • Any place licensed to dispense intoxicating liquor for consumption on the premises
  • Any area of an airport to which access is controlled by the inspection of persons and property
  • Any building (or portion of a building) that is owned, leased, or controlled by any counties or municipalities
  • Any riverboat gambling operation
  • Any gated area of an amusement park
  • Any church or other place of religious worship (unless you have permission from the administrator or owner of that place)
  • Any private property whose owner has posted the premises as being off-limits to concealed firearms
  • Any sports arena with a seating capacity of 5,000 or more
  • Any public hospital

Disclaimer: The information provided here is not to be construed as legal advice or acted upon as if it is legal advice: it is provided for informational and entertainment purposes only. While we strive to provide accurate, up-to-date content, we cannot guarantee the accuracy, completeness, or currency of the information. Gun laws can change frequently, especially at the state and local levels. Application of gun laws can be unique to an individual’s situation. We recommend that each individual consult with a competent and qualified legal professional before purchasing, transporting, or using any firearm or firearm-related product.