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Rifle Recoil Table

A Guide to Rifle Recoil Energy, Velocity and Level

Recoil (often referred to as "kick") is the force a rifle exerts against the shooter when it is fired. As a rule of thumb, the heavier a rifle the lower the recoil. However, perceived recoil -- what the shooter actually feels -- is influenced by a number of factors including the powder load, bullet mass, projectile speed and stock shape. Recoil is measured by free recoil energy, and recoil velocity. Selecting the correct rifle and cartridge combination ensures that a shooter can shoot accurately without discomfort.

Rifle recoil not only impacts how accurately you shoot, it can also determine how many shots you can shoot in a day, and simply how much you enjoy using your rifle. You’ll want a lower recoil rifle for shooting practice, so that you can shoot for longer periods of time. You’ll also want lower recoil when you’re hunting over long days. If you’re hunting game where you’ll just need one well-placed shot, and you’re able to maintain your aim through the heavier recoil, a more powerful rifle with heavy recoil may be right for you.

The following chart provides a rifle's recoil level based on its recoil score*.

Recoil Score* Recoil Level
1-2 Low Recoil
3-4 Moderate Recoil
5-10 High Recoil

The following table provides rifle recoil energy, recoil velocity and recoil score of various rifle cartridges based on respective projectile weight, projectile velocity, powder charge and rifle weight.

Note: Bw = Bullet Weight; Mv = Muzzle Velociy; Rw = Rifle Weight
Cartridge (Bw;Mv;Rw) Recoil Energy (ft-lbs) Recoil Velocity (fps) Recoil Score*
.17 HMR (17; 2550; 7.5) 0.2 1.5 1.02
.17 Hornet (20; 3650; 8.5) 0.6 2 1.08
.17 Rem. (25; 4000; 8.5) 1.6 3.5 1.24
.204 Ruger (33; 4225; 8.5) 2.6 4.4 1.38
.218 Bee (45; 2800; 8.5) 1.3 3.1 1.20
.22 LR (40; 1165; 4) 0.2 1 1.00
.22 WMR (40; 1910; 6.75) 0.4 1.5 1.04
.22 Hornet (45; 2800; 7.5) 1.3 3.3 1.20
.222 Rem. (50; 3200; 7.5) 3 5.1 1.45
.223 Rem. (45; 3500; 8.5) 2.6 4.5 1.38
.223 Rem. (55; 3200; 8) 3.2 5.1 1.46
.223 Rem. (62; 3025; 7) 3.9 6 1.57
.223 Rem. (70; 2900; 8) 3.6 5.4 1.52
.224 Wby. Mag. (55; 3700; 10) 3.6 4.8 1.49
.22-250 Rem. (55; 3600; 8.5) 4.7 6 1.65
.22-250 Rem. (60; 3500; 12.5) 3.1 4 1.41
.220 Swift (50; 3900; 10.5) 3.7 4.8 1.50
.220 Swift (55; 3800; 8.5) 5.3 6.4 1.72
.223 WSSM (55; 3850; 7.5) 6.4 7.4 1.87
5.6x50 Mag. (60; 3300; 7.5) 4 5.9 1.58
5.6x52R (70; 2800; 7.5) 3.7 5.7 1.54
5.6x57 RWS (60; 3800; 7.5) 6.9 7.7 1.93
6mm BR Rem. (80; 3100; 8.5) 5.2 6.3 1.71
6mm Norma BR (95; 2914; 8.5) 5.9 6.7 1.80
.243 Win. (75; 3400; 8.5) 7.2 7.4 1.95
.243 Win. (95; 3100; 7.25) 11 9.9 2.43
.243 Win. (100; 2960; 7.5) 8.8 8.7 2.16
6mm Rem. (100; 3100; 8) 10 9 2.29
.243 WSSM (100; 3100; 7.5) 10.1 9.3 2.31
.240 Wby. Mag. (100; 3406; 8) 17.9 9.7 3.09
.25-20 Win. (86; 1460; 6.5) 1.3 3.5 1.21
.256 Win. Mag. (75; 2400; 7.5) 2.4 4.5 1.36
.25-35 Win. (110; 2425; 7.5) 6 7.2 1.83
.25-35 Win. (117; 2230; 7.5) 7 8.3 1.97
.250 Savage (100; 2900; 7.5) 7.8 8.2 2.04
.257 Roberts (100; 3000; 7.5) 9.3 8.9 2.22
.257 Roberts (120; 2800; 8) 10.7 9.3 2.37
.257 Rob. Imp. (115; 2900; 8) 10.8 9.3 2.38
.25 WSSM (120; 2990; 8) 13.8 11.1 2.75
.25-06 Rem. (100; 3230; 8) 11 9.4 2.41
.25-06 Rem. (120; 3000; 8) 12.5 10 2.58
.257 Wby. Mag. (100; 3602; 9.25) 15.8 10.5 2.92
.257 Wby. Mag. (115; 3433; 9.25) 17.7 11.1 3.13
.257 Wby. Mag. (120; 3300; 9.25) 15.1 10.3 2.84
6.5mm Grendel (120; 2600; 7.5) 8.9 8.8 2.18
6.5mm Grendel (123; 2590; 8) 7.9 8 2.05
6.5x54 M-S (140; 2400; 7.5) 11.1 9.7 2.43
6.5 PRC (143; 2960; 6.1) 15.7 11 2.93
6.5x55 Swede (129; 2700; 8) 12.5 10 2.58
6.5x55 Swede (140; 2650; 9) 10.6 8.7 2.34
6.5x55 Swede (140; 2735; 8.5) 12.1 9.6 2.52
6.5x55 Swede (160; 2300; 8) 12.7 10.1 2.60
.260 Rem. (120; 2860; 7.5) 13 10.6 2.65
.260 Rem. (140; 2360; 8) 9.5 8.8 2.23
.260 Rem. (129; 2900; 8.25) 12.5 9.9 2.57
.260 Rem. (140; 2750; 8.25) 11.9 9.7 2.51
6.5x57 (140; 2700; 8) 12.5 10 2.58
6.5mm-284 Norma (140; 2920; 8) 14.7 10.9 2.83
6.5mm-06 (140; 2800; 8) 13.9 10.6 2.74
6.5mm Rem. Mag. (120; 3100; 8) 13.1 10.3 2.65
6.5mm Rem. Mag. (140; 2900; 8.5) 13.9 10.3 2.73
6.5x68 S (140; 2990; 8.5) 16.8 11.3 3.05
.264 Win. Mag. (140; 3200; 8.5) 19.2 12.1 3.32
.26 Nosler (129; 3400; 8.5) 23.9 13.5 3.84
6.5-300 Wby. Mag. (140; 3395; 9.5) 21.1 12 3.50
6.8mm Rem. SPC (115; 2625; 7.5) 8 8.3 2.07
.270 Win. (120; 2675; 8) 10 9 2.29
.270 Win. (140; 3000; 8) 17.1 11.7 3.10
.270 Win. (150; 2900; 8) 17 11.7 3.09
.270 WSM (130; 3275; 8) 18.7 12.3 3.28
.270 WSM (150; 3000; 8) 18.9 12.3 3.30
.270 Wby. Mag. (130; 3375; 9) 21 12.3 3.50
.270 Wby. Mag. (150; 3000; 9.25) 17.8 11.1 3.14
7x57 Mauser (139; 2700; 8.75) 11.7 9.3 2.47
7x57 Mauser (140; 2660; 8) 13.5 10.4 2.69
7x57 Mauser (145; 2725; 8.5) 13 9.9 2.62
7x57 Mauser (175; 2500; 8) 15.5 11.2 2.92
7mm-08 Rem. (120; 3000; 7.5) 12.1 10.2 2.55
7mm-08 Rem. (140; 2860; 8) 12.6 10.1 2.59
7mm-08 Rem. (150; 2750; 7.5) 13.9 10.9 2.75
7x65R (175; 2600; 8) 17.1 11.7 3.10
.280 Rem. (140; 3000; 8) 17.2 11.8 3.11
.280 Rem. (150; 2900; 8) 17.4 11.8 3.13
.280 Rem. (160; 2800; 8) 17 11.7 3.09
.280 Ackley Imp. (150; 2930; 8.5) 16.3 11.1 3.00
7mm Rem. SAUM (160; 2931; 8) 21.5 13.2 3.59
7mm WSM (140; 3200; 8) 20.7 12.9 3.50
7mm WSM (160; 3000; 8) 21.9 13.3 3.63
7mm Rem. Mag. (139; 3100; 9) 19.3 11.8 3.32
7mm Rem. Mag. (140; 2700; 8.5) 15.5 10.8 2.90
7mm Rem. Mag. (150; 3100; 8.5) 19.2 12.1 3.32
7mm Rem. Mag. (154; 3035; 8.5) 20.3 12.4 3.44
7mm Rem. Mag. (160; 2950; 9) 20.3 12 3.42
7mm Rem. Mag. (175; 2870; 9) 21.7 12.5 3.58
.275 H&H Mag. (160; 3050; 8.5) 19.5 12.2 3.35
7mm Wby. Mag. (140; 3300; 9.25) 19.5 11.7 3.33
7mm Wby. Mag. (160; 3200; 9) 25.6 13.5 4.00
7mm STW (160; 3185; 8.5) 27.9 14.6 4.27
.28 Nosler (160; 3200; 8.5) 29.4 14.9 4.43
.30 Carbine (110; 1990; 7) 3.5 5.7 1.52
.300 Blackout (135; 2085; 8) 3.32 4.95 1.47
.30 Rem. (170; 2120; 7.5) 9.8 9.2 2.28
.30-30 Win. (125; 2175; 7.5) 6.6 7.5 1.90
.30-30 Win. (150; 2364; 8) 9.4 8.7 2.22
.30-30 Win. (150; 2400; 7.5) 10.6 9.5 2.37
.30-30 Win. (160; 2400; 7.5) 12.7 10.5 2.62
.30-30 Win. (170; 2200; 7.5) 11 9.7 2.42
.307 Win. (150; 2600; 7.5) 13.7 10.9 2.73
.308 Marlin Express (160; 2660; 8) 13.4 10.4 2.68
7.5x55 Swiss (150; 2800; 9) 12.9 9.6 2.60
.308 Win. (125; 2675; 8.75) 9 8.1 2.16
.308 Win. (150; 2800; 7.5) 15.8 11.7 2.97
.308 Win. (165; 2700; 7.5) 18.1 12.5 3.23
.308 Win. (180; 2610; 8) 17.5 11.9 3.15
.30 T/C (150; 2900; 8.5) 13.9 10.3 2.73
.30-06 Spfd. (150; 2910; 8) 17.6 11.9 3.16
.30-06 Spfd. (165; 2900; 8) 20.1 12.7 3.43
.30-06 Spfd. (180; 2700; 8) 20.3 12.8 3.46
.30-06 Ackley Imp. (180; 2985; 8.5) 23 13.2 3.74
.300 RCM (180; 2900; 8.5) 22.3 13 3.66
.300 Rem. SAUM (180; 2960; 8.25) 23.5 13.6 3.80
.300 WSM (150; 3300; 8.25) 22.5 13.3 3.69
.300 WSM (180; 2970; 7.25) 27.1 15.5 4.23
.300 WSM (180; 2970; 8.25) 23.8 13.6 3.83
.308 Norma Mag. (180; 3000; 8.5) 25.9 14 4.05
.300 Win. Mag. (150; 3320; 8.5) 23.5 13.3 3.79
.300 Win. Mag. (165; 3110; 8) 26.2 14.5 4.10
.300 Win. Mag. (180; 2960; 8.5) 25.9 14 4.05
.300 H&H Mag. (180; 2920; 8.5) 23.1 13.2 3.75
.300 Dakota (180; 3100; 8.5) 28.3 14.7 4.32
.30 Nosler (180; 3112; 9) 26.9 13.9 4.15
.300 Wby. Mag. (150; 3400; 9.25) 24.6 13.1 3.89
.300 Wby. Mag. (180; 3240; 9) 31.6 15 4.65
.300 Ultra Mag. (180; 3230; 8.5) 32.8 15.8 4.80
.300 Norma Mag. (180; 3317; 8.5) 35.5 16.4 5.09
.30-378 Wby. Mag. (180; 3300; 9.75) 42.6 16.8 5.80
7.62x39 Soviet (125; 2350; 7) 6.9 8 1.95
7.62x53R Finn (150; 2800; 9) 13.1 9.7 2.62
7.62x54R Russian (150; 2800; 9) 13.1 9.7 2.62
7.62x54R Russian (174; 2600; 9) 15 10.4 2.84
.303 British (150; 2700; 7.5) 14.2 11 2.79
.303 British (180; 2420; 8) 15.4 11.1 2.91
.32 Spec. (165; 2410; 7.5) 13.2 10.6 2.67
.32 Spec. (170; 2250; 7) 12.2 10.6 2.57
8x57 Mauser (170; 2400; 8) 13.6 10.4 2.70
8x57JS Mauser (150; 2900; 8) 17.1 11.7 3.10
8x57JS Mauser (195; 2500; 8) 18.5 12.2 3.26
.325 WSM (180; 3060; 7.5) 33.1 16.9 4.88
.325 WSM (220; 2840; 7.5) 37.5 17.9 5.35
8mm Rem. Mag. (200; 2900; 8.5) 32.9 15.8 4.81
.33 Win. (200; 2100; 8) 13.9 10.6 2.74
.338-57 O'Connor (200; 2400; 8) 19.2 12.4 3.33
.338 Marlin Express (200; 2400; 8) 16.2 11.4 3.00
.338 Marlin Express (200; 2600; 8) 22 14 3.67
.338 Federal (200; 2660; 8.5) 19.3 12.1 3.33
.338 Federal (210; 2630; 8) 21.9 13.3 3.63
.338-06 A-Square (200; 2800; 8) 23.9 13.9 3.85
.338-06 A-Square (250; 2500; 8.5) 28.2 14.6 4.30
.338 RCM (200; 2800; 8) 26.1 14.5 4.09
.338 Win. Mag. (200; 2950; 8.5) 32.8 15.8 4.80
.338 Win. Mag. (225; 2780; 8.5) 35.2 16.3 5.06
.338 Win. Mag. (250; 2700; 9) 33.1 15.4 4.82
.338 Lapua Mag. (225; 3000; 9.5) 37.2 15.9 5.24
.338-378 Wby. Mag. (250; 3040; 11.75) 41.1 15 5.58
.340 Wby. Mag. (200; 3100; 8.5) 29.6 13.8 4.41
.340 Wby. Mag. (250; 2940; 9) 43.4 17.6 5.91
.38 Special. (158; 1100; 7) 1.7 4 1.27
.357 Mag. (158; 1650; 7) 4.7 6.6 1.67
.357 Mag. (180; 1550; 6.5) 5.5 7.4 1.79
.35 Rem. (200; 2050; 7.5) 13.5 10.8 2.71
.358 Win. (200; 2490; 8) 20.9 13 3.52
.358 Win. (250; 2260; 7.5) 23 13.9 3.77
.35 Whelen (200; 2675; 8) 22.6 13.5 3.71
.35 Whelen (225; 2525; 8) 25 14.2 3.97
.35 Whelen (250; 2400; 7.5) 27.9 15.5 4.31
.350 Rem. Mag. (200; 2700; 8.5) 22.3 13 3.66
.350 Rem. Mag. (225; 2550; 8.5) 24.2 13.5 3.87
.350 Rem. Mag. (250; 2500; 8.5) 29 14.8 4.39
.358 Norma Mag. (250; 2723; 9) 31.2 15 4.61
9.3x57 (232; 2330; 8.5) 19.8 12.2 3.38
9.3x62 (250; 2450; 8.5) 25.7 14 4.03
9.3x62 (286; 2360; 9) 28 14.1 4.26
9.3x64 (286; 2650; 9) 36.5 16.2 5.18
9.3x66 (286; 2559; 9) 36.3 16.1 5.16
9.3x74R (250; 2550; 9) 29.1 14.4 4.38
9.3x74R (286; 2400; 8.25) 34.3 16.6 4.98
.370 Sako Mag. (286; 2550; 8.5) 35.2 16.3 5.06
.375 Win. (220; 2200; 7.5) 17.1 12.1 3.12
.375 Ruger (270; 2840; 9) 41.3 17.2 5.69
.375 Ruger (300; 2550; 8.5) 44.8 18.4 6.08
.375 H&H Mag. (235; 2700; 9) 29.5 14.5 4.43
.375 H&H Mag. (270; 2690; 9) 36.1 16.1 5.14
.375 H&H Mag. (300; 2530; 9) 37.3 16.3 5.26
.375 Dakota (300; 2600; 8.5) 44.5 18.4 6.06
.375 Wby. Mag. (300; 2700; 10) 47.3 17.5 6.29
.38-40 Win. (180; 1100; 7.5) 3.1 5.2 1.46
.404 Jeffery (400; 2170; 10.25) 41 16.1 5.62
.405 Win. (300; 2200; 8) 30.6 15.7 4.58
.41 Rem. Mag. (210; 1775; 7) 9.5 9.4 2.26
.416 Taylor (400; 2350; 10) 47.8 17.5 6.34
.416 Ruger (400; 2390; 9) 58.1 20.4 7.47
.416 Rem. Mag. (400; 2400; 10) 52.9 18.5 6.88
.416 Rigby (400; 2400; 10) 58.1 19.3 7.42
.416 Dakota (400; 2500; 10) 59.2 19.5 7.54
.416 Wby. Mag. (400; 2700; 10.25) 83 22.8 10.00
.44 Rem. Mag. (240; 1760; 7.5) 11.2 9.8 2.44
.44 Rem. Mag. (275; 1580; 7.5) 11.4 9.9 2.47
.444 Marlin (240; 2400; 7.5) 23.3 14.2 3.81
.444 Marlin (265; 2200; 8.5) 22.1 12.9 3.64
.444 Marlin (265; 2325; 8.5) 27.6 15.4 4.28
.45 Colt (255; 1100; 8) 4 5.6 1.56
.45 Colt +P (250; 1500; 6.5) 11.1 10.5 2.46
.458 SOCOM (300; 1840; 7.5) 20.2 13.2 3.46
.45-70 (300; 1800; 7) 23.9 14.8 3.89
.45-70 (350; 1900; 7) 37.9 18.7 5.42
.45-70 (405; 1330; 7.5) 18.7 12.7 3.30
.450 Marlin (350; 2000; 7) 37.2 18.5 5.35
.450 Marlin (350; 2100; 8.5) 33.6 16 4.89
.450 N.E. (465; 2150; 11) 55.5 18 7.11
.458 Win. Mag. (400; 2050; 9) 41.7 17.3 5.74
.458 Win. Mag. (500; 2100; 9) 62.3 21.1 7.91
.458 Lott (500; 2300; 10) 70.4 21.3 8.71
.470 N.E. (500; 2150; 11) 69.3 20.1 8.55
.480 Ruger (325; 1450; 6.25) 16.4 13 3.08
.50 BMG (647; 2710; 30) 70 12.3 8.29
*Recoil score is calculated as a function of recoil energy and recoil velocity using a weight average which is then normalized between 1-10. See below for a detailed explanation. Recoil energy and recoil velocity figures are taken from various sources including the recoil nomograph in the Handloader's Digest 8th Edition, online recoil calculators, or calculated from the formula provided in the Lyman Reloading Handbook, 43rd Edition.

How Rifle Recoil is Calculated

The formula for determining the free recoil energy of a firearm is (Rifle Weight in Pounds/64.34) *(Recoil Velocity in FPS^2). This formula relies on the formula for recoil velocity, which is simply (Bullet Weight In Grains * Muzzle Velocity in FPS + Powder Charge in Grains * Muzzle Velocity * 1.75)/(7000 * Rifle Weight in Pounds).

Rifle Weight

So, what do all these numbers mean? Rifle weight is a very important factor in determining recoil. Rifle weight is inversely proportional to a rifle’s recoil. That means that if you increase the rifle weight by 15%, you’ll decrease the recoil by 15%. This is why rifles that shoot heavier cartridges are also built with more weight, and it might not be a good thing to get a lightweight rifle that shoots a powerful cartridge.

Recoil Energy

Recoil energy is related to felt recoil, which can be much more subjective. Different rifle manufacturers have created various solutions to reduce felt recoil, mostly altering the fit and shape of the rifle stock. Recoil pads can soften the impact, and felt recoil is often less in gas-operated semi-automatics. All of this means that the recoil energy may not give a direct correlation to how much recoil you feel when shooting each rifle. However, many experts claim that recoil over 20 foot pounds will cause shooters to flinch, which will have a disastrous effect on your accuracy – most shooters stick to 15 foot pounds or less.

Recoil Velocity

Recoil velocity tells you how abrupt the blow to your shoulder will feel. Keep in mind that differences in bullet weight may also affect your perceived recoil while producing the same recoil velocity. Remember, recoil will feel worse and worse the longer you shoot. If you’re planning to shoot over a period of hours, you’ll need to take that into consideration when deciding how much recoil you can handle.

Recoil Score/Level

Recoil level is calculated as a function of the weighted average of recoil energy and recoil velocity at a ratio of 7:3, respectively, to generate a recoil score. The recoil score is then normalized between 1 and 10 using the normalization equation xnormalized=(b−a)*((x−min(x)/max(x)−min(x))+a where xnormalized denotes the measurement to be scaled, min(x) denotes the minimum of the range of the measurement, max(x) denotes the maximum of the range of the measurement, b denotes the highest value and a denotes the lowest value. Recoil level is than assigned on a scale from 1-10 with ranges of 1-2 (low recoil), 3-4 (moderate recoil) and 5-10 (high recoil).

Rifle Recoil Comparision

The following are rifle recoil descriptions, comparisons and scores for some of the most popular cartridges to help you get a better idea of what it really feels like to shoot each gun.

  • The .243 Winchester's recoil produces an estimated average recoil energy 9 ft-lbs of energy at a recoil velocity of 8.7 fps yielding a recoil score of 2.18. Recoil level for a .243 Winchester rifle weighing approximately 7 lbs is between low and moderate. This cartridge is ideal for beginning hunters and young shooters.

  • A 6.5 Creedmoor with an average weight produces a recoil energy of 9.1 ft-lbs and recoil velocity of 8.2 fps. It yields a recoil score of 2.23 and has a low to moderate recoil level. Both younger and adult shooters shouldn't have any problem shooting this gun.

  • The 6.5 PRC produces 15.7 ft-lbs of energy at a recoil velocity of 11 fps. With a recoil score of 2.93 the 6.5 PRC has a more noticeable kick than either the .243 Winchester or 6.5 Creedmoor, but most shooters still consider it relatively mild. The 6.5 PRC produces are recoil very similar to the Remington 7mm-08.

  • The Remington 7mm-08 produces an average 12.9 ft-lbs of recoil energy and 10.1 fps of recoil velocity. It has an average recoil score of 2.63 which puts it slightly above both the .243 Winchester and 6.5 Creedmoor in terms of 'kick' and almost on par with the 6.5 PRC.

  • The .270 Winchester has an average 16.34 ft-lbs of recoil energy and 11.4 fps of recoil velocity. With an average recoil score of 3.01, the .270 Winchester produces more of a kick than either the 6.5 PRC or 7mm-08 Remington. Most people would say the .270 Winchester has a moderate recoil. The recoil from the .270 Winchester isn't going to cause pain, but it could push you slightly off target if you don't have a steady hand.

  • The 7mm Remington Mag generates an average recoil energy of 19.4 ft-lbs and 11.9 fps of recoil velocity. It has an average recoil score of 3.3 giving this gun a moderate to high amount of kick. This cartridge has relatively high recoil when compared to the 6.5 creedmoor, 6.5 PRC or .270 winchester and is ideal for an experienced shooter with a larger frame.

  • One of the most popular hunting cartridges, the .30-06 Springfield generates an average recoil energy of 19.3 ft-lbs and 12.5 fps of recoil velocity. The .30-06 Springfield has an average recoil score of 3.4 giving this a gun a moderate to high amount of kick. In terms of recoil, the .30-06 is very similar to the 7mm Remington Mag. This cartridge is ideal for adult shooters who can handle the recoil.

  • The .308 Winchester produces a moderate to high recoil of 15.1 ft-lbs and 11.1 fps of recoil velocity. The .308 has a recoil score of 2.9 giving it a moderate recoil level. Most adult shooters will find the recoil from the .308 Winchester manageable but this cartridge is not ideal for young or novice shooters.

  • With 70 ft-lbs of recoil energy, 12.3 fps of recoil velocity, and recoil score of 8.29, the .50BMG generates a high level of recoil. The .50BMG packs quite a punch. However, for as powerful as it is, it's recoil is relatively slow. Most .50BMG rifles are shot using a muzzle brake which can substantially reduce recoil.

How to Reduce Rifle Recoil

Reducing rifle recoil is the goal of every shooter, especially for larger cartridge rifles that pack some kick. The most common method for reducing recoil is to add a muzzle brake. A quality muzzle brake can reduce recoil up to 50%.

Unfortunatey, there are a few downsides to using muzzle brakes. The biggest problem they present is a significant increase in gunshot volume. This can be especially problematic for rifles with larger cartridges that produce high volume gunshot. While muzzle brakes will decrease recoil, you many need a new set of earmuffs to protect your hearing.

Another method for reducing recoil is using a silencer or suppressor. A silencer can reduce rifle recoil up to 40%. Unlike a muzzle brake, a silencer will also dampen gunshot volume, making the sound more bearable.

A final method for reducing recoil is to use "downloaded" rounds that contain less powder. Shooters that load their own rounds can simply put less powder in the cartridge, but many ammo manufacturers sell ammunition with "reduced recoil" loads. While not nearly as effective for reducing recoil as employing a muzzle break or silencer, using less powder per round does reduce recoil a bit.

(Note: We do no recommend reducing cartridge powder unless you're experienced at ammo reloading. We always recommend working with a qualified blacksmith when making any modifications to ammunition or a firearm.)

Disclaimer: Sportsman's Warehouse assumes no responsibility or liability for any errors or omissions of the information on this page. Although we strive to provide the most accurate information as we can the information contained in this page is provided on an "as is" basis with no guarantees of completeness, accuracy, usefulness or timeliness. There are many quantitative and qualitative factors that influence rifle recoil and how it impacts the individual shooter. Do not use this guide as a basis for purchasing a rifle. It is design for informational purposes only.