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Vermont Gun Laws

Although Vermont has enacted some pieces of restrictive firearms legislation, the state largely respects its citizens’ right to bear arms. Vermont enforces universal background checks and has some hardware restrictions. The state has some of the most permissive concealed carry laws in the country, and does not require (or issue) permits for the legal carrying of concealed firearms. Vermont is generally more permissive of firearms than many states in the Northeast region.

Vermont Gun Laws at a Glance

Concealed Carry Premit Required No
Open Carry Premitted Yes
Waiting period before purchasing No
Lost and Stolen Firearm Reporting No
Firearms License Required for Purchasing No
Universal Background Check Yes
Firearm Registration No
Large Capacity Magazine Ban Yes

Firearm License Requirements

No type of license is required to obtain a firearm in Vermont.

Background Checks

Pursuant to federal law, background checks are required when purchasing firearms from licensed dealers. In Vermont, licensed dealers must contact the FBI directly to process these background checks.

Vermont also requires background checks to be processed prior to the transfer of a firearm from a private seller. When buying from a private seller, the prospective purchaser and the seller must appear together with the firearm at a licensed dealer. The dealer will then process the transfer and conduct the state-required background check.

Gun Shows

Vermont does not regulate gun shows.

Hardware and Ammunition Restrictions

Hardware Restrictions
Assault Weapons Not restricted
50 Caliber Rifles Not restricted
Machine Guns Prohibited to those under 18 years of age.
Large Capacity Magazines Large capacity “feeding devices” are prohibited. This applies to any magazine, belt, drum, feed strip, or similar device can accept (or be converted to accept):
  • More than 10 rounds of ammunition for a long gun
  • More than 15 rounds of ammunition for a handgun
Ammunition Ammunition may not be brought into correctional facilities, mental health facilities, or institutions of higher education.

Prohibited Persons

Any person convicted of committing a violent crime is prohibited from possessing a firearm.

Prohibited Places

Location Restrictions Exceptions
Schools Firearms are prohibited within school buildings and on school buses. This does not apply if the board of school directors has permitted the possession of a weapon.
Vehicles Loaded rifles and shotguns are prohibited on public highways. Loaded long guns are prohibited in vehicles.. This does not apply to any licensed hunter who is disabled and has obtained a permit from the Fish and Wildlife Commission. The permit must be attached to the gun.

Concealed Carry Laws

Notify Officer Yes
“No Gun” Signs Enforced
In-Vehicle Carry Permitted
Restaurant Carry Permitted
State Park Carry Permitted
While Hunting Permitted

Obtaining a Concealed Carry License

Vermont has no laws requiring that a person obtain a license to carry a concealed firearm. Further, the state does not issue such licenses. Any person who is over the age of 16 and legally permitted to own a firearm may carry a concealed firearm in public.

Concealed Carry Firearms Training

Because Vermont does not issue concealed carry permits, there is no required training to carry a concealed firearm.

Concealed Carry Location Restrictions

Although Vermont does not issue concealed carry permits, there are still places where it is prohibited to carry a concealed firearm. Those places are:

  • School buildings or school buses
  • Mud Creek Controlled Hunting Area in Alburg
  • Residential Treatment Program properties
  • Any private preserve without the written consent of the person having the exclusive right to take fish or wild animals on the land
  • The Bomoseen State Game Refuge
  • Any courthouse, state institution, or state building
  • Any place where the carrying of firearms is prohibited by federal law or state law or regulation

Disclaimer: The information provided here is not to be construed as legal advice or acted upon as if it is legal advice: it is provided for informational and entertainment purposes only. While we strive to provide accurate, up-to-date content, we cannot guarantee the accuracy, completeness, or currency of the information. Gun laws can change frequently, especially at the state and local levels. Application of gun laws can be unique to an individual’s situation. We recommend that each individual consult with a competent and qualified legal professional before purchasing, transporting, or using any firearm or firearm-related product.