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Minnesota Gun Laws

Minnesota gun laws are not particularly restrictive. Although the constitution does not mention the right to bear arms, the state generally respects citizens’ 2nd Amendment rights. Minnesota has some regulations on hardware and ammunition. The state does not require any licensing or registration prior to gun purchases. Obtaining a concealed carry license in Minnesota is relatively simple, as it is a ‘shall issue’ state.

Minnesota Gun Laws at a Glance

Concealed Carry Premit Required Yes
Open Carry Premitted Yes
Waiting period before purchasing Yes
Lost and Stolen Firearm Reporting Not required
Firearms License Required for Purchasing No
Universal Background Check Not required
Firearm Registration No
Large Capacity Magazine Ban No

Firearm License Requirements

Minnesota does not require a license to purchase or possess firearms, although the state does issue firearms purchase permits.

These permits allow the holder to forgo the state-required background check when purchasing handguns or military-style assault weapons. However, a background check is required to obtain such a permit.

Background Checks

Minnesota does not require background checks on purchases from unlicensed firearms dealers. When purchasing from a licensed dealer, a background check must be conducted in accordance with federal law.

In some situations, Minnesota does require an additional background check to be performed. If a person wishes to obtain a handgun or semiautomatic, military-style assault weapon from a licensed dealer, but does not have a permit to carry a handgun, the dealer must file a report with local law enforcement. The local police or sheriff will conduct a background check on that prospective transferee.

Gun Shows

Minnesota does not regulate gun shows.

Hardware and Ammunition Restrictions

Hardware Restrictions
Assault Weapons Permitted -- buyers subject to extra background checks
50 Caliber Rifles Not restricted
Machine Guns Prohibited.
Large Capacity Magazines Not restricted
Ammunition “Metal-penetrating bullets” are prohibited during the commission of a crime.

Prohibited Persons

Minnesota prohibits firearm possession by a person who:

  • Has been convicted of, or adjudicated delinquent or convicted as an extended jurisdiction juvenile for committing, in this state or elsewhere, a crime of violence.
  • is or has ever been committed in Minnesota or elsewhere by a judicial determination that the person is mentally ill, developmentally disabled, or mentally ill and dangerous to the public
  • Has been convicted of any misdemeanor (or a “gross misdemeanor”) drug violation within the past three years
  • Has been committed for treatment for an addiction to (or dependence on) a controlled substance (including marijuana), unless the person’s firearm eligibility has been specifically restored
  • Is a peace officer and is informally admitted to a treatment facility for substance dependency, unless the person’s firearm eligibility has been specifically restored
  • Has been charged with committing a violent crime and has been placed in a pretrial diversion program
  • Has been convicted in another state of committing an assault against a family or household member with a firearm or within the fifth degree, within the past three years
  • Is subject to any current domestic violence or child abuse protection orders
  • Has been convicted of a crime punishable by imprisonment for a term exceeding one year
  • Is a fugitive
  • Is an unlawful user of a controlled substance
  • Has been judicially committed to a treatment facility as someone who is mentally ill or disabled, or mentally ill and dangerous to the general public
  • Is an illegal alien
  • Has received a dishonorable discharge from the U.S. armed forces
  • Has renounced U.S. citizenship
  • Has been convicted of stalking within the past three years
  • Has been convicted of the following crimes at the gross misdemeanor level during the past three years:
    • Crimes committed for the benefit of a gang
    • Assaults motivated by bias
    • False imprisonment
    • Neglect endangerment of a child
    • Fourth-degree burglary
    • Setting a spring gun
    • Rioting
  • Is disqualified from owning a firearm under any federal law

Prohibited Places

Location Restrictions Exceptions
Schools Guns are prohibited on school property.
  • Firearms or marksmanship courses
  • Gun shows held on school property
  • People who keep and store firearms in a vehicle in accordance with state law
  • Lawfully carrying a handgun while in a motor vehicle or outside of a motor vehicle to directly place the firearm in, or retrieve it from, the trunk of the car
Vehicles It is prohibited to possess a gun in a vehicle without a permit to carry a handgun. Unloaded firearms in a closed trunk or in any fastened case

Concealed Carry Laws

Notify Officer No
“No Gun” Signs Not Enforced
In-Vehicle Carry Permitted
Restaurant Carry Permitted
State Park Carry Permitted
While Hunting Permitted

Obtaining a Concealed Carry License

Minnesota is a ‘shall issue’ state, meaning that if an applicant meets certain qualifications, they must be issued a concealed carry license.

Requirements for a Concealed Carry License
To obtain a concealed carry license in Minnesota, the applicant must meet the following qualifications:
  • Be 21 years of age or 18 if a member of the militaryIs at least 21 years oldHave been a resident of the state for at least 12 months (does not apply to station military or retired law enforcement officers)
  • Is a citizen or permanent resident of the U.S.
  • Has training in the safe use of a handgun
  • Is not prohibited from possessing a firearm because the applicant

Concealed Carry Firearms Training

Minnesota does not require any type of training to obtain a concealed carry license.

However, concealed carry permit holders who have completed a voluntary firearms training are granted extended carrying privileges. These permit holders may carry concealed firearms into schools, polling places, government meetings, bars, churches, and private property.

Concealed Carry Location Restrictions

Even with a valid concealed carry license, you may not carry concealed firearms at the following locations:

  • Any school grounds or school buses
  • Any area under the temporary control of a school where signs are posted
  • State correctional facilities
  • State hospitals
  • Places of employment if the employer restricts the carry or possession of firearms by its employees
  • A child care center while children are present
  • Any public place when under the influence of alcohol or drugs
  • The state capitol area and other state-owned or state-leased property within the Twin Cities metropolitan area
  • State game refuges
  • The Bayport WMA in Washington County, the Hastings WMA in Dakota County, and the Raguet WMA in Scott and Carver Counties
  • Any jail or correctional facility
  • Any place where the carrying of firearms is prohibited by federal law or state law or regulation.
  • Minnesota courts have also ruled that a church may prohibit firearms from its property and may notify its employees and the public in any manner it chooses.

Disclaimer: The information provided here is not to be construed as legal advice or acted upon as if it is legal advice: it is provided for informational and entertainment purposes only. While we strive to provide accurate, up-to-date content, we cannot guarantee the accuracy, completeness, or currency of the information. Gun laws can change frequently, especially at the state and local levels. Application of gun laws can be unique to an individual’s situation. We recommend that each individual consult with a competent and qualified legal professional before purchasing, transporting, or using any firearm or firearm-related product.