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Idaho Gun Laws

Idaho has some of the more permissive gun laws in the country. The state does not require any kind of permit to carry a concealed firearm in public. Idaho does not enforce Universal Background Checks and the state has almost no hardware restrictions. There is also no type of licensing or registration required prior to buying a gun. Idaho is generally seen as one of the most gun-friendly states in the nation.

Idaho Gun Laws at a Glance

Concealed Carry Premit Required No
Open Carry Premitted Yes
Waiting period before purchasing No
Lost and Stolen Firearm Reporting No
Firearms License Required for Purchasing No
Universal Background Check No
Firearm Registration No
Large Capacity Magazine Ban No

Firearm License Requirements

The Idaho state constitution specifically dictates that no laws may be made imposing licensure on the ownership or possession of firearms or ammunition.

Background Checks

Idaho has no laws requiring the processing of background checks prior to the transferring of a firearm.
However, federal law requires background checks when buying from licensed dealers. As such, all firearms transfers by licensed dealers must be processed directly through the FBI.
Firearms transfers by unlicensed dealers do not require any kind of background check on the transferee.

Gun Shows

Idaho does not regulate gun shows.

Hardware and Ammunition Restrictions

Hardware Restrictions
Assault Weapons No restrictions.
50 Caliber Rifles No restrictions.
Machine Guns Idaho prohibits minors from owning automatic weapons.
Large Capacity Magazines Idaho prohibits any person, firm, association or corporation from selling or giving any minor under the age of 16 any shells or fixed ammunition of any kind, except shells loaded for use in shotguns or for use in rifles of 22 caliber or smaller without the written consent of the parents or guardian of the minor.1
Idaho prohibits any person or entity from giving or selling ammunition to anyone under the age of 16, except shotgun shells or ammunition for use in 22 caliber rifles and smaller. The giver or seller must also have written consent from the parents or guardian of the minor.
Ammunition Idaho prohibits the manufacture, possession, sale, barter, trade, gift, transfer, or acquisition of any ammunition:
Designed to explode or segment upon impact.
Coated in Teflon or any other substance primarily intended to enhance its capacity to penetrate metal or pierce protective armor.

Prohibited Persons

Idaho prohibits any persons convicted of a felony from purchasing, owning, controlling, or possessing a firearm. A person under 18 also cannot possess a firearm.

Prohibited Places

Location Restrictions Exceptions
Schools Firearms are prohibited on the property of any public or private elementary or secondary school. Firearms are also prohibited at any location that is being sponsored or used by a school. Exceptions to this prohibition include: The possession of a firearm as part of a school-approved event, activity, or circumstance. Any adult not enrolled in public or private elementary or secondary school who has lawful possession of a firearm and the firearm is locked in his or her vehicle. Any person who lawfully possesses a firearm in a private vehicle while transporting students, children, or employees to or from school Any person who is authorized by a school authority to carry a concealed weapon
Vehicles daho allows the open or concealed carry of any long gun or handgun in a vehicle with no license or permit. None.
Public Courthouses Prohibited, even with a concealed carry permit. None.
Locations and events selling alcohol Permitted. Unless posted.

Concealed Carry Laws

Notify Officer No
“No Gun” Signs Not Enforced
In-Vehicle Carry Permitted
Restaurant Carry Permitted
State Park Carry Permitted
While Hunting Permitted

Obtaining a Concealed Carry License

Idaho does not require a permit to carry a loaded, concealed handgun in public, provided the person carrying the handgun is a resident of Idaho over 18 years of age.

Further, the individual must not be:

  • Ineligible to possess or own a firearm under state or federal law
  • Formally charged with (or determined to have been guilty of) a crime punishable by an imprisonment term exceeding one year
  • A fugitive
  • An unlawful user of any narcotic drugs or controlled substances including marijuana
  • Currently suffering from or having suffered from:
    • Lacking mental capacity
    • Mentally ill
    • Gravely disabled
    • Incapacitated
  • Someone who has received a dishonorable discharge from the Armed Forces
  • Someone who has received a suspended sentence for a crime punishable by imprisonment for a term exceeding one year (unless the person has completed probation)
  • Someone who has received a period of probation after having been adjudicated guilty of, or received a withheld judgment for, a misdemeanor offense including the attempted use or threatened use of physical force against the person or property of another (unless the person has successfully completed probation)
  • An alien illegally in the United States
  • Someone who has renounced his or her US citizenship
  • Free on bond pending trial, appeal, or sentencing for a crime that would disqualify the person from obtaining a concealed carry license
  • Subject to a protection order that restrains the person from harassing, stalking, or threatening an intimate partner or child of an intimate partner
  • Subject to a protection order that restricts the person from engaging in any conduct that would place an intimate partner or an intimate partner’s child in reasonable fear of harm

Idaho does allow people to apply for concealed carry licenses for the purpose of carrying concealed firearms in states which have reciprocity agreements with Idaho.
Idaho is a “shall issue” state. This means that the governing body must issue a concealed carry license if certain qualifications are met.

Requirements for a Concealed Carry License
To apply for a concealed carry license, you must submit your fingerprints alongside a completed license application. Within five days from the date of filing the application, the sheriff must forward the applicant’s information and completed application to the Idaho State Police. The State Police will conduct a national fingerprint-based records check, an inquiry through the NICS database, and a check of any relevant state databases. This will include a check for any mental health records that may disqualify the applicant from possessing a firearm.

Concealed Carry Firearms Training

No formal training is required to hold a concealed carry license in Idaho. However, a county sheriff may require an applicant to demonstrate familiarity with a firearm. The applicant may demonstrate familiarity if the applicant “[i]s licensed or has been licensed to carry a firearm in [Idaho] or a county or municipality, unless the license has been revoked for cause.”

Concealed Carry Location Restrictions

Even with a proper and valid concealed carry license, you may not carry firearms in or at:

  • A dormitory, residence hall, or public entertainment area of any public college or university where proper signage is clearly posted.
  • A private or public elementary or secondary school, or a school-sponsored activity (except adults who lawfully possess a firearm in a private vehicle while delivering students, children, or employees to and from a school)
  • School provided transportation
  • A children’s residential care facility or therapeutic outdoor program
  • A state veterans’ home
  • A courthouse
  • Any juvenile or adult detention facilities, correctional facilities, jails, or prisons
  • Any private business that prohibits the carrying of weapons on its premises
  • Any place while the possessor is intoxicated or under the influence of any intoxicating substance
  • Any place where the carrying of firearms is prohibited by federal or state law

Disclaimer: The information provided here is not to be construed as legal advice or acted upon as if it is legal advice: it is provided for informational and entertainment purposes only. While we strive to provide accurate, up-to-date content, we cannot guarantee the accuracy, completeness, or currency of the information. Gun laws can change frequently, especially at the state and local levels. Application of gun laws can be unique to an individual’s situation. We recommend that each individual consult with a competent and qualified legal professional before purchasing, transporting, or using any firearm or firearm-related product.